Should polluting enterprises that are "jittery" in environmental supervision shut down make a sound
Abstract: in terms of atmosphere, the monitoring data of the environmental protection department shows that at present, more than 60% of the annual average air quality of cities in the country cannot meet the standard
in recent days, an article titled "who will speak for us when environmental protection inspectors blindly shut down enterprises?" Your article is hot on the collaterals
the author of the article said, "it is right to improve the environment, but it should not be this kind of sports customs, mortgages, and stops." "China started from industry, and the pollution must be large." "now it is difficult for enterprises to do, and originally the profits are thin. They have to work hard to fight vicious competition. They have no intention to sacrifice the environment."
following this article, there are many comments, both in favor and against. Opponents believe that "China's environmental protection has reached the point where it must be treated." do you still want polluting enterprises to start work, and have you not been fed up with the harm of pollution? In the long run, how do you want future generations to live? Just think about the present, and want to cut off children and grandchildren? Don't forget that green waters and mountains are golden mountains and silver mountains. "
as the author of the article said, in the past oneortwo years, environmental protection inspectors have gone deep into the corners of the country
there are not only the central environmental protection inspectors at the highest level to supervise whether the provincial and municipal Party committees and governments protect the environment, but also various special and regional inspections organized by the Ministry of environmental protection, including short-term and fast-paced inspections with a small number of people in a few days or weeks, as well as the carpet like intensified supervision on the prevention and control of air pollution in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and surrounding areas with up to 5600 people and a duration of up to one year. In addition, there are also various special and comprehensive inspections carried out by provinces and municipalities to "emulate" the central environmental protection inspectorsAs Chen Jining, Minister of environmental protection, said, through supervision, we need to solve the long-standing problems in environmental protection, such as the gradual decline of pressure transmission, the formality of assessment, and the lack of accountability. Through supervision, outstanding environmental problems with strong public reaction and bad social impact will be solved
speaking of this, many people may ask, why do we carry out these environmental protection inspections? Which enterprises are supervised? Should these enterprises be shut down? Are those enterprises that "sacrifice the environment" really "unintentional"
the severe air and water situation needs supervision
the current environmental situation, especially the air quality, is not optimistic, so there is this year's "blue sky defense war"
in terms of atmosphere, the monitoring data of the environmental protection department shows that at present, more than 60% of the annual average air quality of cities in the country cannot meet the standard. In 2015, the average annual concentration of fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and inhalable particulate matter (PM10) in 13 cities in Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei were 2.2 times and 1.9 times the limit value of China's ambient air quality standard, respectively, of which the average annual concentration of PM2.5 in Baoding reached more than 3 times the standard limit value
in 2016, the proportion of excellent days in Henan, Beijing and Hebei was less than 60%, and now the team of "online shopping army" is becoming larger and larger, and the number of excellent days in some provinces did not increase but decreased. During the heating period of Beijing Tianjin Hebei region, the concentration of PM2.5 is 2.4 times that of non heating period
in terms of water environment, while the overall improvement, some water bodies deteriorated. The proportion of class I water quality sections that are particularly good in some regions of the country is decreasing, and the proportion of inferior class V water quality sections in Liaohe River, Songhua River and other basins has increased year on year. The main stream of big rivers has been significantly improved, but the pollution of tributaries is relatively heavy, especially the large number of black and smelly water bodies in cities. Many river sections flowing through the city are heavily polluted, causing the water body to be black and smelly due to lack of oxygen, which is strongly reflected by the public
the overall situation of soil environment is worrying, and some areas are seriously polluted. The first national soil pollution survey was carried out from 2005 to 2013, and the results showed that the overall point exceeding standard rate of soil in China was 16.1%. In the surveyed 690 heavily polluted enterprise land and 5846 soil points around, the points exceeding the standard accounted for 36.3%; Among the 775 soil points in 81 industrial wastelands, the points exceeding the standard accounted for 34.9%; Among the 2523 soil points in 146 industrial parks, the points exceeding the standard accounted for 29.4%
on the whole, the serious pollution in some areas is mainly caused by the pollution emissions of industrial and mining enterprises, especially in some areas, a small enterprise or private workshop, an enterprise can pollute the whole river and multiple villagesAccording to expert analysis, at present, the tasks of industrialization, urbanization and agricultural modernization in China have not been completed, economic growth and the increase of pollutant emissions have not been decoupled, and the new amount of pollutants is still at a high level, so the task of controlling the increment and removing the stock is very arduous
at the same time, in some regions, the mode of economic development is extensive, the industrial layout is unreasonable, the industrial structure is biased, the total amount of pollutant emissions is close to or exceeds the environmental carrying capacity, and the contradiction between development and protection is still prominent. Unremitting efforts are needed to improve the quality of water and soil environment
it is in this context that various environmental protection inspections came into being. It not only responds to the concerns of the masses, but also conforms to the current reality of environmental protection
it is all about "scattered pollution" enterprises
environmental protection supervision. What enterprises are it about
it is understood that in addition to paying attention to large-scale enterprises and key pollutant discharge units, all kinds of inspections are mainly directed at "scattered pollution" enterprises
taking the ongoing intensified supervision of air pollution prevention and control in Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and surrounding areas as an example, statistics show that as of April 20, 28 supervision teams dispatched by the Ministry of environmental protection have completed the first round of supervision. A total of 4077 enterprises (units) were inspected, and 2808 enterprises (units) were found to have environmental problems, accounting for 68.87% of the inspected enterprises (units)
among the enterprises with problems, 763 enterprises with "scattered pollution" produced illegally, 15 enterprises with excessive emissions, 256 enterprises without pollution control facilities, 256 enterprises with abnormal operation of pollution control facilities, 8 enterprises with automatic monitoring fraud, 90 enterprises with VOCs control problems, 687 enterprises with imperfect dust control measures, and 733 enterprises with other problems
from the perspective of supervision, the problems of "scattered pollution" enterprises' illegal production, imperfect anti dust measures, failure to install pollution control facilities and abnormal operation of pollution control facilities are more prominent, some of the enterprises that have been sealed up are resurgent, and individual enterprise monitoring systems are suspected of fraud
the inspection found that the "scattered pollution" enterprises in some places were not included in the list of clean-up. Henan Xinmi Huayu joinery board factory was not included in the list of "scattered pollution" cleanup. It was in production at the time of supervision. No waste gas collection and treatment facilities were built in the cutting and hot pressing section, and the unorganized emission of dust and formaldehyde was serious
Xinru: regional fiber arrangement action, residual stress and temperature. There are 6 enterprises in the "scattered pollution" cleaning list of the market town government in Mishi, of which 5 have been banned many years ago, and there is a situation of misrepresenting the list of "scattered pollution" enterprises
Jiexin new building materials factory in Pingding County, Yangquan City, Shanxi Province has built a 21 gate wheel kiln without desulfurization and dust removal facilities, and the waste gas is discharged unorganized. The production process belongs to the elimination of backward production capacity. Beijing Daxing gaobeifu plastic products factory was built and put into production without going through the EIA approval procedures
in addition, Fujia wooden door factory in Dongli District of Tianjin has no environmental protection procedures and pollution prevention and control facilities. It was in production at the time of inspection by the supervision team; Henan Xingyang Hengda machine factory had no environmental assessment approval procedures, was not included in the list of "scattered pollutants", did not implement the decision of the local environmental protection department to order the shutdown, and did not produce during the inspection, but there were obvious production traces
enterprises that sacrifice the environment are mostly intentional.
are those enterprises that "sacrifice the environment" really "unintentional"
first finance and economics learned from the Ministry of environmental protection that in the process of heavily polluted weather, there are still a large number of enterprises that commit crimes against the wind, are mercenary, and do not take the interests of the masses seriously at all
for example, since April 2 this year, Beijing, Tianjin and Hebei have encountered heavy pollution weather. Tangshan City has launched an orange warning of heavy air pollution, requiring all cement grinding enterprises to stop production. However, the inspection team found that the three grinding station enterprises of Tangshan Fengrun Jingfeng cement plant, Tangshan Jinshan cement Co., Ltd. and Tangshan Fushun Cement Co., Ltd. are all in production from 1 a.m. to 5 a.m. on April 3, among which, Tangshan Fushun Cement Co., Ltd. was stopped in the afternoon of April 2, with positive and negative change function; Production status, the supervision team returned to production after leaving
the monitoring facilities of Xingtai Nanxian urban heat Co., Ltd. were fraudulent. After the investigation of the public security department, it was found that the operators of the enterprise falsified the monitoring system and displayed the emission concentration in a small range; Shijiazhuang Lilong Ceramics Co., Ltd. idled desulfurization facilities, secretly discharged kiln waste gas, and there was phenol pool leakage. During the inspection, the supervision team temporarily opened the desulfurization facilities, and shut down the desulfurization tower five minutes after the supervision team left
the output of ceramics in Gaoyi County, Shijiazhuang accounts for nearly half of the total production capacity of Hebei Province, and the masses have been very strong about the pollution problem. On April 6 this year, an inspection team led by zhaoyingmin, Vice Minister of environmental protection, found that Gaoyi ceramic enterprise group had wanton illegal sewage discharge, and some enterprises had gates on the main flue and abandoned chimneys, which were suspected of secretly discharging kiln waste gas by-pass
during the inspection, the inspection team found that yangbingquan powder factory in Anping County, Hengshui City, Hebei Province was a "messy and dirty" enterprise, which had been sealed up by Anping County Environmental Protection Bureau, but the factory tore the seal and put it into production without authorization
some enterprises also deliberately shut down pollution control facilities. The desulfurization facilities of Youyuan new wall materials Co., Ltd. in Cheng'an County, Handan City, Hebei Province were shut down, and the flue gas was discharged from the kiln top bypass without being treated by the desulfurization facilities
the processing production line of Yulin lime plant in Shunyi District of Beijing has no supporting pollution control facilities, and some equipment has been sealed up locally. However, during the on-site inspection on April 18, the inspection team found that there were obvious production traces and the seals had been damaged. Heqifei plastic dipping factory, Wang Leige cloth factory, Wangtong Precision Foundry and Hongjian Precision Foundry in Anping County, Hengshui City, Hebei Province have all been sealed up, but during the inspection, it was found that the enterprise secretly removed the seals and produced without authorization
during the normal production of Hebei Tangshan Yannan Cement Co., Ltd., the SNCR denitration device was shut down, and the waste gas was directly discharged without treatment. At the same time, the data acquisition instrument of the device was shut down to avoid supervision
is there still a need for such "messy and dirty" enterprises that do not conform to the national industrial policy, that a few people make illegal profits, but harm the environment and the interests of the vast majority of people
how do the masses feel about the supervision?
it is difficult to count the effectiveness of various environmental protection inspections around the country, but no one does not applaud the solution to the problem of dirty, messy and poor around
take the second batch of central environmental protection inspectors as an example. According to the deployment of the CPC Central Committee and the State Council, from late November to late December 2016, seven central environmental protection supervision teams conducted environmental protection supervision in seven provinces (cities) including Beijing, Shanghai, Hubei, Guangdong, Chongqing, Shaanxi and Gansu
according to statistical data, as of the end of February 2017, seven provinces (cities) have strictly investigated and dealt with environmental complaints from the masses and made them public to the public in accordance with the requirements of supervising and reforming the environment at the same time. The 15332 reports of environmental problems assigned by the supervision team have been completed, 11962 have been ordered to rectify, 6310 cases have been filed and punished, 265 people have been detained, 3121 people have been held accountable, and 4666 people have been interviewed
for the outstanding environmental problems around the masses, see how the supervision team solves them? How did the masses comment
first finance learned from the Guangdong Provincial Department of environmental protection that China
Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI